Germs spread easily, especially where there are many kids within a closed area and there are more chances of spreading infection. This is true in the case of infants and toddlers who are often using their hands for wiping noses, rubbing eyes and then they handle their toys or touch other kids, and that transfers their infections. By touching their noses and their eyes, the virus transforms from their noses or eyes and then on to toys or through their hands to the other child. This is how kids often pick up contagious germs. However, if you are already aware of the spreading of germs, you will be able to stop it from spreading.
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Following are some of the common ways in which germs are spread in daily routine:
Nose, mouth, or eyes to hands to others
The easiest way germs are spread is through sneezing, coughing and rubbing hands to eyes. This way it is transferred to other kids and family members too, washing hands with a good hand wash can prevent the transfer of germs. This way your kid will be able to avoid illness, eye infections and a common cold. It is not always possible to keep your kid away from the infected child, but you can ensure that they wash their hands and they avoid touching their eyes.
Hands to food
If your child is not trained to wash hands prior to eating then this becomes the biggest health risk. Usually, germs are transferred from unclean hands to food; another is not washing hands after using the restroom. To avoid this mistake keep a check on hygiene habits of your kid and tell them the importance of keeping their hands clean and washing their hands at the right time. Ensure that your child knows that after each visit to the bathroom they need to wash their hands with hand wash and water.
Food to hands to food
Often germs get transferred from food to hands too. This especially goes when you are preparing food like chicken. If you are not in the habit of washing hands prior to cooking than the germs on the hands gets transferred to food and other uncooked food items such as salad. The best is to clean your hands prior to cooking. Even if you are preparing salad, it is good to wash your hands before doing it to avoid contaminating it.
Infected child to other children
If your child is already having an infection and you are not washing hands or the child does not wash hands, then it is passed on to others as well. Take for example a toddler or an infant with diarrhea, if you do not wash your hands after changing their diaper then you risk spreading the infection to others as well. Similarly, if one of your kid is infected with flu, then it is better to keep that child isolated and not let other children near them until the illness has subsided. Taking extra care of hygiene and cleanliness at this time would help.
Animals to people
If you have pets at home then you need to teach your kids to wash their hands after touching or petting the animals or any surfaces they touch.
The above mentioned are few of the most common means of spreading infection or coming in contact with the infection. If these are taken care of then you and your child will be safe from infections. Additionally, another way to keep hands clean is using a hand sanitizer that can be used where there is no availability of soap or water.