Pregnant women are often seen suffering from back, pelvic and hip pain during the second trimester. Some may experience earlier or later. Second trimester is the time when your tiny baby bump has just started to show and your skin is all glowing and bright. The growth of the baby bump puts pressure on your joints, hence causing joint and muscle pain in your lower body. It is one of the most common conditions that all pregnant women experience and hence there is very little that you can do to get rid of it completely. However, there are few tips and measures using which you can lower its effect and reduce the pain to a large extent.
What causes hip pain during pregnancy?
Although the second trimester is the best time of the pregnancy, because generally you get rid of your severe nausea of first trimester and your size has not become as large as it would be in third trimester. Still the second trimester of pregnancy is when most women start to experience pain in their lower back and joints. Due to the baby bump, your joints as well as muscles experience strain, hence causing pain. However, this pain can vary in its intensity depending on the overall health and weight gain of the pregnant woman. As the pregnancy moves to its later stages, you can feel the pain more pronounced and hence you will also have to spend many sleepless and painful nights.
A pregnancy hormone known as Relaxin prepares the body for the baby’s arrival and brings with it intense hip pain during the second as well as third trimesters. During pregnancy, the ligaments become loose and are responsible for causing hip pain. These ligaments are present in your lower back region and help in holding the Sacroiliac joints together, which connect the spine to the pelvic muscles. The relaxation in these ligaments and joints help in the process of giving birth to the child but at the same time, it also causes intense hip pain. Also, lower back, legs and back also experience this pain. The weight of your developing baby and uterus put excess pressure on your joints and legs, causing difficulty in walking as well as frequently feeling exhausted.
As a result of this increased pressure on your joints, bones grind against each other and can also cause misalignment and inflammation. Women are also seen changing their way of walking during pregnancy which can also affect their joints and ligaments not only during pregnancy; rather for a long time in the future as well.
As the pregnancy advances, women are also advised to sleep on their sides to avoid pressure on their back. This can also put extra pressure on their hips, hence causing hip pain. Women who are overweight even before getting pregnant are also seen suffering from intense hip pain.
Remedies to reduce hip pain during pregnancy
- The best way to reduce hip pain during pregnancy is by sleeping right.
- Try to keep your hips straight and you use pillows to stay as aligned as possible.
- Avoid slouching and do not put pressure on your lower back.
- Avoid sitting on the floor.
- Practise prenatal yoga and stretching exercises to strengthen joints and ligaments.
- While standing or sitting change your posture frequently.
- Take warm relaxing baths and therapeutic massages to keep your muscles relaxed during pregnancy.
- Try not to gain much weight too fast.
- Take care of proper nutritious diet.
- Drink a lot of water.
Eat right and stay healthy for proper development of your baby and stay active to reduce all pains and discomforts during pregnancy.