Kids are easily prone to many common and general bacterial infections like cold, cough, pneumonia, ear infections, throat infections etc. The infections are caused by some factors that can occur at any age from 3 to 15 years. Cold and cough occur most commonly in kids when they start going to school, they are closer to the following causes:-
- Kids catch a cold with the other kids in their peer group. The infections get transferred when they sneeze or a cough in front. Small kids don’t realize to protect themselves from such situations.
- Bacteria can attack with bad habits like- no hand wash before and after eating food, playing outside with infected person, no protection in chilly weather, smoking in the house, asthma, swallowing unwashed fruits and other dirty habits.
- Leaving the previous infections treated completely.
- Even the contaminated surfaces like a computer, study desks, toys can give bacteria to create space in your kid’s throat and nose.
Image Credit goes to Flickr Ryan Boren
Mothers need to understand the symptoms that show visible signs of cold and cough:-
- Runny nose
- Nasal congestion
- Watery eyes
- Unwell to swallow food.
The mentioned symptoms do not particularly happen when it is cold and cough but, also can occur in other virus and bacterial infections.
Taking some precautions will help the parents to protect their kids from contagious diseases, as precautions are easier than the treatments:-
- With the onset of winter season, kids should be restricted to spend too much time in the mornings outside. The chilly weather may give the sneezing sessions a cause.
- Keep the kids protected with sufficient warm clothing.
- Avoid spicy foods and frequent ice cream servings, if your kid shows any signs of cold and cough.
- Keep the kids in a habit of cleaning hands after and before eating, after washroom visits and after playing outside.
- Like a hygienic homemaker try to keep the house dirt less and well- kept.
- Try to serve fresh meals only.
- Wash all fruits and vegetables in boiled water before eating.
- Use disinfectants for cleaning floors.
- Teach your kid to prevent sitting next to any infected kid in the class or talk yourself to the teacher.
Following the precautions is undoubtedly better to be in the situation of finding the treatments. But, kids are soft targets for bacterial infections so, don’t panic or rush to conclusions. Some remedies will help the parents to save situations get worse:
- Keep the kid hydrated with warm liquids. The throat should not be left dry when a cough is too much. Liquids will thin out the mucus.
- Try with honey and ginger 1 teaspoon mixture. This gives instant relief in a cough and is easier for kids to swallow. You can reduce the amount of ginger paste if it is much bitter in taste.
- Give a lukewarm bath when fever follows with cold and cough.
- Nasal sprays help to clean the nasal passage.
- Give steam before sleep. Steam can be combined with tea tree oil. It clears the throat and the nose too.
- In India, we prepare mustard oil and garlic mixture and massage on the nose and neck for relief in cold and cough. This is an old remedy that works for any age group and time.
- Keep the sanitizer handy with the kid.
- Resting and sleeping are treatments when the body ache is more of cold and cough.
- You can use the humidifier to ease the room dryness and make breathing effortlessly in common cold.
- In southern India, using roasted turmeric is founded very effective for kid’s cold and coughs as well. Roast turmeric in the pan and give either a pinch with milk or rub on the chest.
- Give only warm food to every meal.
- Give lukewarm water to drink. Serve soups if in fever.
- Take to the general practitioner if- the kid has fever more than 100 degrees, the kid’s skin develops rashes, vomiting is frequent, kid stops eating anything.
Do not wait for any visible danger symptoms. Still, we would suggest Prevention is better than cure.