Menopause is a natural state when periods and fertility stops. There is a complex change in hormones and this state can last for 1- 6 years also. It is a difficult stage when a woman goes through lots of physical, emotional and social changes.
Image Credit goes to Flickr Ádám Fedelin
Before menopause, periods become irregular and this situation remains for one year and can stretch for five years or more. After finally reaching menopause, the women are no more fertile and start with the different body transitions.
Sleeplessness, mood swings, abnormal discharge caused by vaginitis, vaginal dryness during sex, itching, osteoporosis, and heart disease may concern when menopause has completed. Though, it is not necessary to produce all the problems after menopause, but, in many cases, bleeding is found the most common and the most abnormal of them. The conditions that cause bleeding after menopause can be categorized as:-
- Endometrial hyperplasia – Excess estrogen without progesterone can lead to this condition. When ovulation stops, progesterone is not made and the lining is not shed. The cells that form the lining gather together and can become abnormal and lead to hyperplasia.
- Uterine Polyps– The vaginal bleeding after menopause can be the major symptom of polyps. Uterine polyps are the cause of abnormal bleeding in 25% of the cases. There are more chances of this state when women are obese and overweight.
- Endometrial cancer– Many women showing bleeding after menopause can suffer from this state. The patient may experience pelvic pain; it causes abnormal bleeding which can be seen easily and early.
- Cervical cancer– This cancer can show sometimes the rare bleeding signs after menopause. Abnormal discharge and pain during intercourse are some more symptoms of cervical cancer. Quick diagnose can bring fair treatment on time.
- UTI (urinary tract infection)– Bladder control problems after menopause can take the step towards the UTI. Women with UTI issues can bring little bleeding even when periods have stopped from long.
The other reasons causing bleeding are:-
- Pregnancy and its outcome.
- Family history of bleeding disorders
- The previously ignored details about vaginal bleeding
- Infection in the uterine lining
- Any recent surgery.
Taking preventive measures can make menopause to be less concerning:-
- Visit your doctor at regular intervals when recognizing the symptoms of menopause.
- Maintain a healthy diet and manage weight before reaching overweight issues.
- Take right treatment for endometrial atrophy before watching it progress into cancer.
- Estrogens creams are used after prescribed by doctors and prove helpful if bleeding occurs due to thinning of vaginal tissues.
- Polyp removal is another option, but it is a surgical procedure.
- Removing of the uterus is performed through Hysterectomy; this is done by operating abdominal surgery.
- The hormone regulating herbs can help a woman to make hormones of her own, instead of introducing new hormones in the body.
Bleeding after menopause can really give shock waves when watching the first time. It is best to talk to the specialist promptly without waiting for other signs. It is often easy to treat bleeding after menopause. Once you know the cause, it will be easier to find the solution too. Various surgeries, oral tablets, gels, creams, radiation therapies, Pap smear, pelvic exam are some remedies done according to the postmenopausal symptoms and issues.
Regardless of any cause of the postmenopausal issues, maintain the healthy and hygienic lifestyle and keep your doctor informed with the annual visits.